Troonstraat / rue du Trône 98b1
Phone: +32 2 551 03 24

Chief Executive:
Managing Director: Steven De Keyser
Chief Executive Email:

Head Legal & International: Kurt Van Damme

Year of first distribution: 2001

Composition of Board:
Total number of Board Members: 15
How are Board Members elected: Representation of all CMOs (15) in board by virtue of Reprobel's statutes.
Total number of Author Representatives: 8
Total number of Publisher Representatives: 7

Total number of Member Associations: 15
Total Publishers' Associations: 7
Total Creators' (authors and visual artists) Associations: 8
Remarks about the members: Reprobel members are Belgian CMOs representing rightholders of reprographic, publishers, educational/scientific & PLR remuneration rights (under a legal licence scheme) for text and visual works. Authors' CMOs : ASSUCOPIE, deAuteurs, JAM/SAJ, SABAM, SACD, SCAM, SOFAM and VEWA. Publishers’ CMOs : COPIEBEL, COPIEPRESSE, LICENSE2PUBLISH, REPRO PP, REPROPRESS, SEMU, LIBRIUS and SABAM. (*) SABAM is represented in both the Authors and the Publishers College but is counted as only one Reprobel member.

DATES OF FINANCIAL YEAR January 1 - December 31

Type of National legislation :
Civil law: Yes
Common law: No

Licensing system:
Legal Licence
Other licensing system: Mandate-based licensing for print-outs with an internal-professional aim in mainly private and public sectors.
Mandating rights holders:
Indirect representation via authors' and publishers' CMOs (text & visual). Non-represented rightholders can claim directly from Reprobel however. Scope of mandate (all rightholders) is defined by law under legal licence. Additional mandates (15) from member CMOs for print-outs in mainly private and public sectors.

Reprographic licences
Types of works licensed: Text works (Authors College): Journalistic, literary, scientific/educational texts, photographs, other texts, musical works (excluding sheet music). Text works (Publishers College): Books, Newspapers, Magazines, musical works (excluding sheet music), Other. Visual works (Authors' College): Photos, other visual & graphic works.
Types of uses licensed (including, where applicable, course packs, document delivery): As determined by law for legal licences. Reprography/publishers remuneration: photocopies. An additional mandate-based licensing scheme for print-outs in mainly private and public sectors was launched in 2018. Education/research: photocopies, print-outs, scans, digital copies and secured network communication. PLR: public lending.
Types of institutions/sectors licensed: Reprography & separate publishers remuneration: mainly public & private sector. Education & research: educational & research institutions under separate legal licence. PLR: public libraries. Home environment (natural persons for private use): no since 2017 (all private copying via Auvibel -, including for paper reproductions)
Pilot Projects : Mandate-based licensing scheme for print-outs in mainly private and public sectors (2018).

Digital Licences
Types of works licensed: Education & research: all TI works except sheet music. Other sectors: none.
Types of uses licensed (including, where applicable, course packs,
document delivery and storage): Education & research: digital copies (paper-to-digital, digital-to-digital) and secured network transmission only. Other sectors: none.
Types of institutions/sectors licensed: Education & research under specific new legal licence since 2017. Other sectors: none.

Other Licences
Public Lending Rights: No

Outline of Distribution plan and methodology used: 'Waterfall' distribution method. Reprobel distributes to member CMOs, which in turn pay out to individual authors or publishers.
Title-specific distribution: No
Non title-specific distribution: Yes
Both title-specific distribution and non title-specific distribution: No
Full reporting: No
Sampling: No
Statistical surveys: Yes
Objective availability: No
Possibility to be copied: No

Number of Bilateral agreements type A: 24
Bilateral agreements type A with: Bilateral agreements type A with : Copyright Agency (Australia), Litterar-Mechana (Austria), Access Copyright (Canada), Copibec (Québec), CFC (France), VG Wort (Germany), ICLA (Ireland), JAAC (Japan), Pro Litteris (Liechtenstein and Switzerland), Luxorr (Luxemburg), Stichting Reprorecht (The Netherlands), Kopinor (Norway), Copyrus (Russia), Dalro (South Africa), Cedro (Spain), CLA (UK), CCC (USA), CopyDan (Denmark), SIAE/NLI (Italy), Polska Kziaska (Poland), OSDEL (Greece), Kopiosto (Finland). Bilateral agreements with Stichting Reprorecht, CFC, CLA, CCC and VG WORT renewed and extended in 2019.
Number of Bilateral agreements type B: 12
Bilateral agreements type B with: Bilateral agreements type B with : Cad (Argentina), DHK (Croatia), HKRRLS (Hong-Kong & Macau), HARR (Hungary), Fjölis (Iceland), JAMCOPY (Jamaica), KOPJAMALT (Malta), MASA (Mauritius), CEMPRO (Mexico), Repronig (Nigeria), LITA (Slovakia), KORRA (Korea). Type B bilateral with Original (Bosnia-Herzegovina) to be signed in 2019.
Other agreements with RROs: Unilateral PLR: Stichting Pro (Dutch publishers' share in PLR remunerations from Flanders, collection years 2006 and onwards) Unilateral PLR: Stichting Lira (Dutch text authors' share in PLR remuneration from Flanders, collection years 2006-2015) Unilateral PLR: CCC/ACA (US text authors' share in PLR remuneration from Flanders, collection years 2006-2015) Declaration & release agreement IPRO (Netherlands) / Publishers college Reprobel (digital usages in Dutch higher education 2012-2018)


Total amount collected for all licensing:
€ 17,770,343.00
Total amount collected for reproduction licensing:
€ 15,319,982.00
Total amount collected nationally for reproduction licensing:
€ 14,693,699.00
Total amount received for licensing from other RROs world-wide:
€ 626,283.00
Total amount distributed to national rightsholders:
€ 11,161,246.00
Total Amount distributed to foreign RROs:
€ 1,557,992.00
Total amount distributed from all licensing:
€ 12,719,238.00