Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.

CCC, Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.

222 Rosewood Drive
Danvers, MA
01923
USA
Phone: +1 978 750 8400
Fax: +1 978 750 4343
Email: ifrro@copyright.com
web: http://www.copyright.com

KEY REPRESENTATIVES
President & CEO : Tracey L. Armstrong
E-Mail : tarmstrong@copyright.com
Phone : +1 (978) 750-8400
Executive Director, International Relations : Michael Healy
E-Mail : mhealy@copyright.com
Phone : +1 (978) 750-8400

HISTORY OF ORGANISATION
History of the organisation : CCC was founded in 1978 at the suggestion of the U.S. Congress that an efficient mechanism for the exchange of rights and royalties be created to facilitate compliance with the then newly revised copyright law. Creators, authors, publishers and users joined together to form not-for-profit Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.
Year of incorporation : 1978
Year of first collection : 1978
Year of first distribution : 1979

ORGANISATION
Composition of Board
Members:
Remarks about the members : CCC has no members. On a voluntary, contractual basis, CCC represents owners of copyright rights in textual works, including books, journals, newspapers, magazines, blogs and ebooks.

DATES OF FINANCIAL YEAR July 1 - June 30

MODEL OF RRO OPERATION

Type of National legislation :

Civil law : No
Common law : Yes
Other Law: There is no applicable U.S. statutory license or direct legislative authority. CCC obtains authorizations to license various uses of copyrighted materials through voluntary contracts with individual rightsholders. Voluntary licensing requires significant effort in sales, marketing, and customer service on both the rightsholder and user sides of CCC’s tens of thousands of contracts.

Licensing system:
Voluntary Licencing schemes, without any form of back-up in Copyright Laws
Other licensing system : CCC licenses digital uses and photocopying of all kinds of text-based materials (on either a repertory or transactional basis) by users in for-profit and not-for-profit business organizations, libraries, academic institutions of all types, government agencies, medical centers, research institutes, document suppliers, and producers of academic coursepacks, as well as individuals. CCC also provides point-of-content licenses through its RightsLink service.

LICENCES
Reprographic licences
Types of works licensed : Most categories of text-based works.
Types of uses licensed (including, where applicable, course packs, document delivery): Academic (including coursepacks), business and government for both internal and external distribution, document delivery, inter-library loan, and republication.
Types of institutions/sectors licensed : Commercial and industrial businesses, professional organizations, government agencies, libraries, research institutes, copyshops, document delivery services, universities, schools and individuals


Digital Licences
Types of uses licensed (including, where applicable, course packs,
document delivery and storage): Academic (including coursepacks), business and government for both internal and external distribution, document delivery, inter-library loan, and republication.
Types of institutions/sectors licensed : Commercial and industrial businesses, professional organizations, government agencies, libraries, research institutes, copyshops, document delivery services, universities, schools and individuals.

Other Licences
Public Lending Rights : No
Other areas of licensing : Incorporated in above.

DISTRIBUTION
Title-specific distribution : Yes
Non title-specific distribution : No
Both title-specific distribution and non title-specific distribution : No
Full reporting : Yes
Sampling : Yes
Statistical surveys : Yes
Objective availability : No
Possibility to be copied : No


AGREEMENTS
Other agreements with RROs : Number of other IFRRO members with which CCC has rights and royalty agreements : 37 - Access Copyright (Canada), B-Copy (Barbados), Bonus Copyright Access (Sweden), CADRA (Argentina), CAL (Australia), CFC (France), CEDRO (Spain), CEMPRO (Mexico), CLA (UK), CLASS (Singapore), CLEARedi (Italy),CLNZ (New Zealand), COPIBEC (Canada/Quebec), Copydan (Denmark), DALRO (South Africa), FILCOLS (Philippines), Fjolis (Iceland), HKRRLS (Hong Kong), ICLA (Ireland), IPRO (Netherlands), JAC (Japan), JAMCOPY (Jamaica), JCopy (Japan), KOPINOR (Norway), KOPIOSTO (Finland), KORRA (Republic of Korea), Literar-Mechana (Austria), Luxorr (Luxembourg), NLA (UK), OSDEL (Greece), ProLitteris (Switzerland), Reprobel (Belgium), SADEL (Chile), Stichting PRO (Netherlands), Stichting Reprorecht (Netherlands), TTRRO (Trinidad & Tobago), VG WORT (Germany).

FINANCIAL DATA


Total amount collected for all licensing :
USD 280,000,000.00 (+/- EUR 203,104,598.87)

Total amount collected for reproduction licensing :
USD 0.00 (+/- EUR 0.00)

Total amount collected nationally for reproduction licensing :
USD 0.00 (+/- EUR 0.00)

Total amount received for licensing from other RROs world-wide :
USD 47,200,000.00 (+/- EUR 34,237,632.38)

Total amount distributed to national rightsholders :
USD 0.00 (+/- EUR 0.00)

Total Amount distributed to foreign RROs :
USD 0.00 (+/- EUR 0.00)

Total amount distributed from all licensing :
USD 192,500,000.00 (+/- EUR 139,634,411.72)


The exchange rate of 1 January 2014 was applied, being EUR 1= 1.3786 USD

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